PHP Class Creation: A Beginner's Guide to Object-Oriented Programming

Learn how to create PHP classes and understand the basics of object-oriented programming with this beginner's guide. Follow our step-by-step instructions and examples to get started.

PHP Class Creation: A Beginner's Guide to Object-Oriented Programming
PHP Class Creation: A Beginner's Guide to Object-Oriented Programming

PHP is a versatile programming language that is widely used for web development. One of the most important features of PHP is its support for object-oriented programming (OOP). In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of creating a PHP class, which is a fundamental component of OOP.

Step 1: Understanding the Basics of OOP Before we dive into creating a PHP class, it's important to understand the basics of OOP. In OOP, a class is a blueprint for creating objects, which are instances of the class. Classes define the properties and methods that objects will have. Properties are the characteristics of an object, while methods are the actions that an object can perform.

Step 2: Creating a PHP Class To create a PHP class, we use the "class" keyword, followed by the name of the class. Here is an example of a simple class:

class Car {
  // Properties
  public $make;
  public $model;
  public $year;
  // Methods
  public function startEngine() {
    echo "The engine has started!";

In this example, we have created a class called "Car" with three properties: "make", "model", and "year". We have also defined a method called "startEngine" that simply echoes a message.

Step 3: Creating Objects from a Class Once we have created a class, we can create objects from it using the "new" keyword. Here is an example:

$myCar = new Car();

In this example, we have created an object called "$myCar" from the "Car" class. We can access the properties of this object using the arrow operator "->". For example:

$myCar->make = "Toyota";
$myCar->model = "Corolla";
$myCar->year = 2022;

Step 4: Accessing Methods from a Class We can also access the methods of an object using the arrow operator. For example:


This will call the "startEngine" method of the "$myCar" object and output the message "The engine has started!".

Conclusion: Creating a PHP class is a fundamental component of object-oriented programming. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you should now have a basic understanding of how to create a PHP class and how to create objects from it. Keep practicing and experimenting with different classes to further your knowledge of OOP.

Here's a complete finished PHP project using classes and OOP:

class Product {
  private $name;
  private $price;
  private $description;

  public function __construct($name, $price, $description) {
    $this->name = $name;
    $this->price = $price;
    $this->description = $description;

  public function getName() {
    return $this->name;

  public function getPrice() {
    return $this->price;

  public function getDescription() {
    return $this->description;

$myProduct = new Product("Book", 10.99, "A good book to read");

echo "Name: " . $myProduct->getName() . "<br>";
echo "Price: $" . $myProduct->getPrice() . "<br>";
echo "Description: " . $myProduct->getDescription() . "<br>";

In this code, we have defined a Product class with three private properties: $name, $price, and $description. We have also defined a constructor method that takes in values for these properties and sets them.

Next, we have defined three getter methods (getName, getPrice, and getDescription) that allow us to access the private properties from outside the class.

Finally, we have created an object $myProduct from the Product class with the values "Book", 10.99, and "A good book to read". We have then used the getter methods to output the values of the object's properties.

When this code is executed, it will output the following:

Name: Book
Price: $10.99
Description: A good book to read
Our website is for sale! The domain and website has been running for more than 3 years, but it's time to part with it. There is no price, so I consider any offer. Contact us if you are interested in buying in the feedback form, we will discuss options, price and details for transferring the site. (script, database and everything else for the site to work).